La Naranja – Organic
Maria, one of the producers of this lot, was born in Naranja and has lived there her whole life. Now aged 53, Maria has 8 children, 4 of whom still live with her. Maria firs purchased her farm Trapiche 6 years ago. Totalling 2 hectares in size, Maria grows a mix of Bourbon, Typica and Pache.
Both of Esbin and Maria’s farms take their names from notable landmarks located on the plots. El Mango after the fruit trees on the farm, La Hondura, its bisecting shape and El Trapiche after the sugar mill that used to be located on the same plot. Like many other farms in the region, the names are symbolic, reflecting the distinguishing characteristics in the surrounding area. Coffee production is currently Jorge and Esperanza’s only means of income, with any fruit trees or other produce grown, reserved only for personal consumption.
Coffee was introduced to Peru in the mid-18th century via neighbouring Ecuador but was not commercially exported until the late 19th century. Production was only increased significantly after the turn of the 20th century, when Peru’s default on a loan owed to the British Government saw over two million hectares of land transferred to Britain (under the name of ‘The Peruvian Country’) as a repayment. A full quarter of this was put under agricultural production, including coffee, and it was at this point that export trade began in earnest.