Surrounded by the wild trees of the Datanlí El Diablo Nature Reserve, Martha ensures her coffee trees are intercropped with taller shade trees to create an agroforestry system. She carefully prevents soil erosion by planting live barriers, or a line of sturdy trees at the base of slopes to keep topsoil intact and healthy. These methods create a healthy environment for the coffee trees to maintain high yields and quality.
Introduced into the country in the mid-1800s and forming a central position in the country’s economy for more than a century, coffee is currently Nicaragua’s primary export. Its production generates over $448 million dollars a year in exports, representing 8.2% of overall exports, and provides more than 200,000 jobs to locals.