Campo Alegre occupies some of the higher points of Samambaia, lying between 950 and 1,150 metres above sea level. Coffee varieties planted on the plot include: Yellow Bourbon; Catiguá; Acaiá; Mundo Novo; Yellow Catucaí; Yellow and Red Catuaí; Topázio; Icatú; Rubi and Arara. This particular lot hailing from Campo Alegre is 100% Acaia that has been processed using the Natural method. There is also a sizeable varietal garden on Campo Alegre where the farm grows 19 different Bourbon varieties. This garden is a project that has been undertaken in partnership with a well-known agricultural research institute in Brazil (in the Samambaia plot, a parallel project has established an additional 54 varieties coming from all parts of the world).
Coffee was introduced to the country back in the early 18th century, which rapidly spread throughout Brazil, making it the leading producer of coffee worldwide.
Additionally, Brazil is the only country to utilize mechanized harvesting tools to assist with the extensive coffee fields. The flat topography of the country allows for the ease of machines to slowly comb through the coffee trees and remove ripe cherries. Advanced agricultural technology has allowed for the even harvesting of cherries and prevents uneven harvesting.
Today, the well-known coffee producing regions are Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Minas Gerais, and Bahia.